Croatia Country Info

Facts

Short name: CROATIA Official name: Republic of Croatia

Local short name: Hrvatska Local long name: Republika Hrvatska

Area: 56,542 sq. km

Capital: Zagreb

Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

National Holiday: Republic Day/Statehood Day, 30 May

Constitution: adopted 22 December 1990

Population: 4,784,000

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)

Ethnicity: Croat (78%); Serb (12%); Bosniak (1%); others (9%) (1991)

Languages: Croatian, other minority ethnic languages

Religions: Roman Catholic (77%); Orthodox (11%); Muslim (1%)

Geography

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates: 45 10 N, 15 30 E

Map references: Europe

Area: total: 56,542 sq km land: 56,414 sq km water: 128 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries: total: 2,028 km border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Yugoslavia 266 km, Slovenia 501 km

Coastline: 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)

Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m highest point: Dinara 1,830 m

Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

Political System

The Republic of Croatia is a parliamentary democracy, like most countries in Western and Central Europe. After its Constitution was amended in November 2000, the semi-presidential system was transformed into a pure parliamentary system.

The President

The President of the Republic is the Head of State, directly elected for a term of five years. The President is also Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, and represents the Republic of Croatia.

President: Ivo Josipovic (since 18 February 2010)

Executive

The Government initiates general policies and activities related to interior and foreign policies, and co-ordinates and directs the work of the state administration. The Government also implements laws and other regulations, passes decrees in compliance with the Constitution and the law.

Prime Minister: Jadranka Kosor (since July 6th, 2009)

Legislative

The Government, headed by the Prime Minister, is politically responsible only to the Croatian Parliament (Sabor), which is comprised of two chambers: the House of Representatives (Zastupnicki dom) and the House of Counties (Zupanijski dom). Members of both chambers serve four-year terms.

Judiciary

The judicial system includes district, constitutional and supreme courts. The supreme court and constitutional court judges are appointed for eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic, which is elected by the House of Representatives.

Economic Development

Travel, History and Traditions

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