Languages: Croatian, other minority ethnic languages
Religions: Roman Catholic (77%); Orthodox (11%); Muslim (1%)
Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
Geographic coordinates: 45 10 N, 15 30 E
Map references: Europe
Area: total: 56,542 sq km land: 56,414 sq km water: 128 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia
Land boundaries: total: 2,028 km border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Yugoslavia 266 km, Slovenia 501 km
Coastline: 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m highest point: Dinara 1,830 m
Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
The Republic of Croatia is a parliamentary democracy, like most countries
in Western and Central Europe. After its Constitution was amended in November 2000, the semi-presidential
system was transformed into a pure parliamentary system.
The President of the
Republic is the Head of State, directly elected for a term of five years. The
President is also Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, and represents the
Republic of Croatia.
The Government initiates
general policies and activities related to interior and foreign policies, and
co-ordinates and directs the work of the state administration. The Government
also implements laws and other regulations, passes decrees in compliance with
the Constitution and the law.
The Government, headed by the Prime Minister, is politically responsible
only to the Croatian Parliament (Sabor), which is comprised of two chambers: the House of Representatives
(Zastupnicki dom) and the House of Counties (Zupanijski dom). Members of both
chambers serve four-year terms.
The judicial system includes district, constitutional and supreme courts. The supreme court and
constitutional court judges are appointed for eight-year terms by the Judicial
Council of the Republic, which is elected by the House of Representatives.