Albania Country Info

Facts

Short name: ALBANIA Official name: Republic of Albania Local

short form: Shqipëria

Area: 28,748 sq. km

Capital: Tirana

Independence: November 28, 1912 National Holiday: Flag Day, November 28 (1912)

Constitution: 28 November 1998

Population: 3,087,000 (November 2001)

Suffrage: 18 years old; universal and compulsory

Ethnicity: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, Others 2%(Vlachs, Gypsies, Serbs, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Bulgarians).

Languages: Albanian, minority ethnic languages

Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%

Geography

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece, Kosovo and Montenegro.

Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 20 00 E Area: total: 28,748 sq km land: 27,398 sq km water: 1,350 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries: total: 712 km border countries: Greece 282 km, Macedonia 151 km, Montenegro 172 km, Kosovo 112 km

Coastline: 362 km

Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,753 m

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, timber, nickel, hydropower

Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

Political System

Albania is a parliamentary republic based on the separation and balancing of legislative, executive and judicial powers. The constitution is the highest law in the Republic of Albania.

The President

The President of the Republic is the Head of State and represents the unity of the people. He has general powers as Commander-in-Chief of the army and Chair of the National Security Council. He is also the head of the High Council of Justice. Among the president's duties are: addressing the assembly, granting pardons and citizenships, giving military decorations and titles of honour and appointing and withdrawing plenipotentiary representatives of the Republic of Albania to other states and international organisations. The president of the Republic is elected by secret vote and without debate by the Assembly by a majority of three-fifths of all its members every 5 years for a maximum of two five-year terms.

President: Bamir Topi (since 24 July 2007)

Legislative

The Legislative Power is concentrated in the Albanian Parliament, called Assembly ( Kuvendi ). The assembly is elected for four years and consists of 140 deputies. One hundred deputies are elected directly. Forty deputies are elected from the multi-name lists of parties or party coalitions according to their respective order.

Executive

The Executive branch of government is maintained by the Council of Ministers, headed by the prime minister. The exercises every state function that is not given to other organs of state power or to local government. The president of the republic appoints the prime minister on the proposal of the party or coalition of parties that has the majority of seats in the Assembly. Apart from being the highest executive body, the council also adopts and promulgates certain acts of delegated legislation - decrees, ordinances, regulations, resolutions and instructions, and is entitled to initiate the adoption of laws by drafting, deliberating and forwarding bills to the Assembly.

Prime minister: Sali Berisha (since 3 September 2005)

Judiciary

The Judiciary Power is on the hand of the High Council of Justice, Constitutional Court, High Court and other courts as well as the Prosecutors Office. The president has a great power over the judiciary process in Albania, heading the HCJ and appointing judges of all courts.

The Constitutional Court guarantees respect for the Constitution and makes final interpretations of it. The Constitutional Court is subject only to the Constitution.

Economic Development

Travel, History and Traditions

//map
More Geonews

Flag of Albania

Map of Albania

Albanian Bios

Albanian Elections