Emil Boc

Prime Minister, Romania

(Various sources)

Emil Boc was sworn in as prime minister of Romania on December 22nd 2008. The leader of the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) was nominated to the post on December 15th, when Theodor Stolojan withdrew his candidacy, two weeks after the country's general elections on November 30th. Boc replaced National Liberal Party (PNL) leader Calin Popescu Tariceanu, who headed Romania's centre-right coalition government after the November 2004 legislative elections.

The centre-left coalition government between Boc's party and Mircea Geoana's Social Democratic Party (PSD) was approved by a 324-115 vote of the country's bicameral 454-seat parliament. The PDL and the PSD won a combined 70% parliamentary majority in the elections.

Boc was born in the village of Rachitele, Cluj County, on September 6th 1966. He obtained a degree in law in 1995 and then a PhD in political sciences and political philosophy from the Babes-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca in 2000. Boc has taught courses on constitutional law and political institutions, on the Romanian political system and on public freedoms in Romania, all at the Babes-Bolyai University.

He has been a member of the American Association of Political Sciences since 1994 and of the Romanian Society of Political Sciences since 1999.

Boc's political career began in 2000, when he was elected as a member of parliament on the ticket of the Democratic Party (PD). In 2004, he defeated far right nationalist politician Gheorghe Funar to become the mayor of Cluj-Napoca, the largest city of his native Transylvania, and was re-elected to the post in the first round of the June 2008 local elections in Romania.

Boc was elected executive president of the PD in 2003. Traian Basescu who headed the party at the time, won the December 2004 presidential election and Boc replaced him at the party's helm. In December 2007, the PD merged with the Liberal Democratic Party to form the PDL and Boc headed the new political faction.

Boc was serving as mayor of Cluj-Napoca when he was asked to form Romania's new government. Addressing parliament ahead of the vote on his proposal for a cabinet a week later, he pledged further economic reforms and to reduce budget spending to deal with the impact of the global financial and economic crisis.

"The crisis is not an excuse to not have reforms," Boc said. "We will have a measured government that will reduce costs by 20%," he added, also assuring lawmakers that his cabinet would not "hesitate to take tough measures, just as much as it will not sacrifice its social policies to ease the harsh effects of crisis".

Boc speaks English and French. He is married and has two daughters.

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